Barolo is an Italian red wine produced in the Piedmont region and considered Italy's best wine. It comes from the Nebbiolo grape variety and is commonly described as one that exudes an aroma very similar to rose and tar. The wine turns into a deep rust red color as it goes through the aging process.
Barolo wine used to contain large amounts of tannin making it difficult to ferment and age the wine. It used to take more than 10 years to ferment and get the wine ready for consumption due to the large tannin content.
To respond to the demands of the times, wine producers decided to shorten the period of fermentation process to a maximum of 10 days and placed the wine to age in small barrels called "barriques" in French.
The shortened fermentation time produced wines that are milder, fruitier and what the "traditionalists' describe as 'tasting more like new oak than wine'.
Barolo is classified as a Denominazione di origine controllata wine or "Controlled designation of origin" wine. This label is assigned to Italian food products especially to wines and cheeses for quality assurance.